初中一年级英语

发布时间:2015-05-20 来源: 初中一年级英语下册

第一篇:初中一年级英语

初一年级英语语法大全 初一年级英语语法大全 1、名词中包含 名词中包含 )、名词的数 A)、名词的数 我们知道名词可以分为可数名词和不可数名词, 而不可数名 词它没有复数形式,但可数名词却有单数和复数之分,复数的构 成如下:

一) 在后面加 s。

fathers, books, Americans, Germans, 如:

apples, bananas 二) sh, ch, s, tch 后加 es。

boxes, glasses, dresses, x, 如:

watches, wishes, faxes 三)1)以辅音字母加 y 结尾的变 y 为 i 再加 es 如:

baby-babies, family-families, duty-duties, comedy-comedies, documentary-documentaries, story-stories 2)以元音字母加 y 结尾的直接加 s。如:

day-days, boy-boys, toy-toys, key-keys, ways 四)以 o 结尾加 s(外来词)。如:radios, photos, 但如 是辅音加 o 的加 es:如: tomatoes 西红柿, potatoes 马铃薯 五) f 或 fe 结尾的变 f 为 v 再加 es(s)。

knife-knives, 以 如:

wife-wives, half-halves, shelf-shelves, leaf-leaves, yourself-yourselves 六)单复数相同(不变的)有:fish, sheep, deer 鹿子, Chinese, Japanese 七)一般只有复数,没有单数的有:people,pants, shorts, shoes, glasses, gloves, clothes, socks 八) 单词形式不变, 既可以是单数也可以是复数的有:

police 警察局,警察, class 班,同学, family 家,家庭成员 九) 合成的复数一般只加主要名词, 多数为后一个单词。

如:

action movie-action movies, pen pal-pen pals;

但如果是由 man 或 woman 所组成的合成词的复数则同时为复数。如:man doctor-men doctors, woman teacher-women teachers 十)有的单复数意思不同。如:fish 鱼 fishes 鱼的种类, paper 纸 papers 报纸,卷子,论文, work 工作 works 作品,工 厂, glass 玻璃 glasses 玻璃杯, 眼镜, orange 桔子水 oranges 橙子, light 光线 lights 灯, people 人 peoples 民族, time 时间 times 时代, 次数, chicken 鸡肉 chickens 小鸡 十一) 单个字母的复数可以有两种形式直接加 s 或’ 如:

s。

Is (I’s), Ks (K’s)。但如是缩略词则只加 s。如:IDs, VCDs, 1 SARs 十二) 特殊形式的有:child-children, man-men, woman-women, foot-feet, mouse-mice, policeman-policemen, Englishman-Englishmen B)名词的格 当我们要表示某人的什么东西或人时, 我们就要使用所有格 形式。构成如下:

一)单数在后面加’s。如:brother’s, Mike’s, teacher’ s 二)复数以 s 结尾的直接在 s 后加’,如果不是以 s 结尾的 与单数一样处理。如:Teachers’ Day 教师节, classmates’;

Children’s Day 六一节, Women’s Day 三八节 三)由 and 并列的名词所有时,如果是共同所有同一人或物 时,只加最后一个’s,但分别拥有时却分别按单数形式处理。

如:Mike and Ben’s room 迈克和本的房间(共住一间),Mike’ s and Ben’s rooms 迈克和本的房间(各自的房间) 代词中包含 2、代词中包含 动词中包含 3、动词中包含 A) 第三人称单数 当动词是第三人称单数时, 动词应该像名词的单数变动词那 样加 s,如下:

一)一般在词后加 s。如:comes, spells, waits, talks, sees, dances, trains 二)在 x, sh, ch, s, tch 后加 es。如:watches, washes, wishes, finishes 三)1)以辅音字母加 y 结尾的变 y 为 i 再加 es。如:

study-studies, hurry-hurries, try-tries 2) 以元音字母加 y 结尾的直接加 s。

plays, says, stays, 如:

enjoys, buys 四)以 o 结尾加 es。如:does, goes 五)特殊的有:are-is, have-has B) 现在分词 当我们说某人正在做什么事时,动词要使用分词形式,不能 用原形,构成如下:

一)一般在后加 ing。如:spell-spelling, sing-singing, see-seeing, train-training, play-playing, hurry-hurrying, watch-watching, go-going, do-doing 二) 以不发音 e 的结尾的去掉 e 再加 ing。

dance-dancing, 如: 2 wake-waking, take-taking, practice-practicing, write-writing, have-having 三)以重读闭音节结尾且一个元音字母+一个辅音字母(注 意除开字母组合如 show –showing, draw-drawing)要双写最 后的辅音字母再加 ing。如:put-putting, run-running, get-getting, let-letting, begin-beginning 四)以 ie 结尾的变 ie 为 y 再加 ing。如:tie-tying 系 die-dying 死 lie-lying 位于 4、形容词的级 在对两个或两个以上的人或物进行对比时, 则要使用比较级 或最高级形式。构成如下:

一) 一般在词后加 er 或 est(如果是以 e 结尾则直接加 r 或 st)。如:greater-greatest, shorter –shortest, taller –tallest, longer –longest, nicer- nicest, larger -largest 二)以重读闭音节结尾且 1 个元音字母+1 个辅音字母(字 母组合除外,如 few-fewer fewest)结尾的双写结尾的辅音再加 er /est。如:big-bigger biggest, red-redder reddest, hot-hotter hottest 三) 以辅音字母+y 结尾的变 y 为 i 加 er/est。如:

happy-happier happiest, sorry-sorrier sorriest, friendly-friendlier friendliest(more friendly most friendly), busy-busier busiest, easy-easier easiest 四)特殊情况:

good/well - better best many/much - more most bad/ill – worse worst little- less least old- older/elder oldest/eldest farfarther/further farthest/furthest 5、数词 (基变序的规则;一、二、三,自己背;五、八、 九、 十二; 其它后接 th; y 为 i 加 eth) first, second, third;

变 fifth, eighth, ninth, twelfth;

seventh, tenth, thirteenth, hundredth;

twenty-twentieth, forty-fortieth, ninety-ninetieth 3

第一篇:初中一年级英语

名师辅导:初中一年级英语语法 一、词法 1、名词 A)、名词的数 我们知道名词可以分为可数名词和不可数名词, 而不可数名词它没有复数形式, 但可 数名词却有单数和复数之分,复数的构成如下:

一)在后面加 s。如:fathers, books, Americans, Germans, apples, bananas 二)x, sh, ch, s, tch 后加 es。如:boxes, glasses, dresses, watches, wishes, faxes 三) 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的变 y 为 i 再加 es 如:

1) baby-babies, family-families, duty-duties, comedy- comedies, documentary-documentaries, story-stories 2)以元音字母加 y 结尾的直接加 s。如:day-days, boy-boys, toy-toys, key-keys, ways 四)以 o 结尾加 s(外来词)。如:radios, photos, 但如是辅音加 o 的加 es:如: tomatoes 西红柿, potatoes 马铃薯 五)以 f 或 fe 结尾的变 f 为 v 再加 es(s)。如:knife-knives, wife-wives, half-halves, shelf-shelves, leaf-leaves, yourself-yourselves 六)单复数相同(不变的)有:fish, sheep, deer 鹿子, Chinese, Japanese 七) 一般只有复数, 没有单数的有:

people,pants, shorts, shoes, glasses, gloves, clothes, socks 八)单词形式不变,既可以是单数也可以是复数的有:police 警察局,警察, class 班,同学, family 家,家庭成员 九)合成的复数一般只加主要名词,多数为后一个单词。如:action movie-action movies, pen pal-pen pals;

但如果是由 man 或 woman 所组成的合成词的复数则同时为复 数。如:man doctor-men doctors, woman teacher-women teachers 十)有的单复数意思不同。如:fish 鱼 fishes 鱼的种类, paper 纸 papers 报纸, 卷子,论文, work 工作 works 作品,工厂, glass 玻璃 glasses 玻璃杯,眼镜, orange 桔子水 oranges 橙子, light 光线 lights 灯, people 人 peoples 民族, time 时间 times 时代, 次数, chicken 鸡肉 chickens 小鸡 十一) 单个字母的复数可以有两种形式直接加 s 或’s。如:Is (I’s), Ks (K’s)。

但如是缩略词则只加 s。如:IDs, VCDs, SARs 十二) 特殊形式的有:child-children, man-men, woman-women, foot-feet, mouse-mice, policeman-policemen, Englishman-Englishmen B)名词的格 当我们要表示某人的什么东西或人时,我们就要使用所有格形式。构成如下:

一)单数在后面加’s。如:brother’s, Mike’s, teacher’s 二)复数以 s 结尾的直接在 s 后加’,如果不是以 s 结尾的与单数一样处理。如:

Teachers’ Day 教师节, classmates’;

Children’s Day 六一节, Women’s Day 三八 节 三)由 and 并列的名词所有时,如果是共同所有同一人或物时,只加最后一个’s, 但分别拥有时却分别按单数形式处理。如:Mike and Ben’s room 迈克和本的房间(共 住一间),Mike’s and Ben’s rooms 迈克和本的房间(各自的房间) 2、代词 2、代词 3、动词 A) 第三人称单数 当动词是第三人称单数时,动词应该像名词的单数变动词那样加 s,如下:

一)一般在词后加 s。如:comes, spells, waits, talks, sees, dances, trains 二)在 x, sh, ch, s, tch 后加 es。如:watches, washes, wishes, finishes 三) 以辅音字母加 y 结尾的变 y 为 i 再加 es。

study-studies, hurry-hurries, 1) 如:

try-tries 2)以元音字母加 y 结尾的直接加 s。如:plays, says, stays, enjoys, buys 四)以 o 结尾加 es。如:does, goes 五)特殊的有:are-is, have-has B) 现在分词 当我们说某人正在做什么事时,动词要使用分词形式,不能用原形,构成如下:

一)一般在后加 ing。如:spell-spelling, sing-singing, see-seeing, train-training, play-playing, hurry-hurrying, watch-watching, go-going, do-doing 二)以不发音 e 的结尾的去掉 e 再加 ing。如:dance-dancing, wake-waking, take-taking, practice-practicing, write-writing, have-having 三)以重读闭音节结尾且一个元音字母+一个辅音字母(注意除开字母组合如 show –showing, draw-drawing)要双写最后的辅音字母再加 ing。如:put-putting, run-running, get-getting, let-letting, begin-beginning 四) ie 结尾的变 ie 为 y 再加 ing。

以 如:

tie-tying 系 die-dying 死 lie-lying 位 于 4、形容词的级 我们在对两个或以上的人或物进行对比时,则要使用比较或最高级形式。构成如下:

一)一般在词后加 er 或 est(如果是以 e 结尾则直接加 r 或 st)。

greater-greatest, 如:

shorter –shortest, taller –tallest, longer –longest, nicer- nicest, larger -largest 二) 以重读闭音节结尾且 1 个元音字母+1 个辅音字母(字母组合除外, few-fewer 如 fewest)结尾的双写结尾 的辅音再加 er /est。如:big-bigger biggest, red-redder reddest, hot-hotter hottest 三) 以辅音字母+y 结尾的变 y 为 i 加 er/est。如:happy-happier happiest, sorry-sorrier sorriest, friendly-friendlier friendliest(more friendly most friendly), busy-busier busiest, easy-easier easiest 四)特殊情况:(两好多坏,一少老远) good/well - better best many/much - more most bad/ill – worse worst little- less least old- older/elder oldest/eldest far- farther/further farthest/furthest 5、数词 (基变序,有规则;一、二、三,自己背;五、八、九、十二;其它后接 th; y 结尾,变为 i, eth 跟上去。) first, second, third;

fifth, eighth, ninth, twelfth;

seventh, tenth, thirteenth, hundredth;

twenty-twentieth, forty-fortieth, ninety-ninetieth 二、句式 1、一般现在时 表示普遍、经常性的或长期性的动作时使用一般现在时,它有:

1.陈述句 肯定陈述句 a) This is a book. (be 动词) b) He looks very young. (连系动词) c) I want a sweat like this. (实义动词) d) I can bring some things to school. (情态动词) e) There’s a computer on my desk. (There be 结构) 否定陈述句 a) These aren’t their books. b) They don’t look nice. c) Kate doesn’t go to No. 4 Middle School. d) Kate can’t find her doll. e) There isn’t a cat here. (=There’s no cat here.) 2. 祈使句 肯定祈使句 a) Please go and ask the man. b) Let’s learn English! c) Come in, please. 否定祈使句 a) Don’t be late. b) Don’t hurry. 3. 疑问句 1) 一般疑问句 a) Is Jim a student? b) Can I help you? c) Does she like salad? d) Do they watch TV? e) Is she reading? 肯定回答: a) Yes, he is. b) Yes, you can. c) Yes, she does. d) Yes, they do. e) Yes, she is. 否定回答: a) No, he isn’t. b) No, you can’t. c) No, she doesn’t. d) No, they don’t. e) No, she isn’t. 2) 选择疑问句 Is the table big or small? 回答 It’s big./ It’s small. 3) 特殊疑问句 ① 问年龄 How old is Lucy? She is twelve. ② 问种类 What kind of movies do you like? I like action movies and comedies. ③ 问身体状况 How is your uncle? He is well/fine. ④ 问方式 How do/can you spell it? L-double O-K. How do we contact you? My e-mail address is cindyjones@163.com. ⑤ 问原因 Why do you want to join the club? ⑥ 问时间 What’s the time? (=What time is it?) It’s a quarter to ten a.m.. What time do you usually get up, Rick? At five o’clock. When do you want to go? Let’s go at 7:00. ⑦ 问地方 Where’s my backpack? It’s under the table. ⑧ 问颜色 What color are they? They are light blue. What’s your favourite color? It’s black. ⑨ 问人物 Who’s that? It’s my sister. Who is the boy in blue? My brother. Who isn’t at school? Peter and Emma. Who are Lisa and Tim talking to? ⑩ 问东西 What’s this/that (in English)? It’s a pencil case. What else can you see in the picture? I can see some broccoli, strawberries and hamburgers. 11 问姓名 What’s your aunt’s name? Her name is Helen./She’s Helen. What’s your first name? My first name’s Ben. What’s your family name? My family name’s Smith. 12 问哪一个 Which do you like? I like one in the box. 13 问字母 What letter is it? It’s big D/small f. 14 问价格 How much are these pants? They’re 15 dollars. 15 问电话号码 What’s your phone number? It’s 576-8349. 16 问谓语(动作) What’s he doing? He’s watching TV. 17 问职业(身份) What do you do? I’m a teacher. What’s your father? He’s a doctor. 三、时态 Be 动词:She’s a worker. Is she a worker? She isn’t a worker. 情态动词:I can play the piano. Can you play the piano? I can’t play the piano. 行为动词:They want to eat some tomatoes. Do they want to eat any tomatoes? They don’t want to eat any tomatoes. Gina has a nice watch. Does Gina have a nice watch? Gina doesn’t have a watch. 2、 现在进行时 表示动词在此时正在发生或进行就使用进行时态, 结构为 sb be v-ing sth + 其它. I’m playing baseball. Are you playing baseball? I’m not playing baseball. Nancy is writing a letter. Is Nancy writing a letter? Nancy isn’t writing a le作文tter. They’re listening to the pop music. Are they listening the pop music? They aren’t listening to the pop music. 一、学习英语语法的目的:

要回答这个问题,先简要讨论一下要不要学习英语语法的问题。这个问题,答案也许 是很清楚的。主张英语语法可以不学的人往往这样说:我们中国人,如果智力正常,从小 就会说汉语,能遣词造句,没见过哪个小孩先学语法再学话的。再说,英语讲得多了,有 了语感,语法还不是水到渠成的事。

这种实践出真知的说法,绝对是正确的。但我仍主张学一点英语语法。本人没受过很 好的教育,更不懂高深的语言学习理论,但一直有这样的看法:在我们中国,百年都没有 营造出正常情况下用正式英语交际的大氛围和小氛围, 所以难以在投入产出比符合经济效 益的前提下培养出一定的英语语感。语法,实际上就是给你语言整体上的语感(规则), 既给你能解释语言现象的鱼, 又教你如何用语感去钓语言深层的鱼。

何乐而不为呢?说到 这,学习英语语法的目的也就清清楚楚了:弥补氛围难以在短期内培养一定语感的缺憾, 比较经济地获得英语整体的语感。

当然, 也为通过我们这个考试大国的众多英语测试提供 初级“抱佛脚”的方法。

二、学习英语语法的范围:

学习英语语法的范围, 指的是学习英语语法需掌握的内容程度。

既然我们学习英语语 法的目的那么简单实际,到啥山唱啥歌吧。范围不必很大,也就是说面不宜太宽,点也不 宜研究太深,毕竟需要用英语说之乎者也的人不多。另外,我认为通过学习英语语法,求 得对英语的整体感觉非常重要。有了整体感,可以揭开英语的神秘面纱,知道了对手的模 样,就知己知彼了;有了整体感,对语言就有了“君临天下”之气,加之不懈的积累,从 掌握语法的必然王国, 进而出入语言的自由王国。

出于这种考虑, 这个讲义编得非常简单, 有些方面甚至还不如高中所学的内容,但实用语法的基本脉络比较清晰。

三、学习英语语法的方法:

英语语法书很多, 学习英语语法的方法也不少。

学好一样东西, 本没有绝对好的方法。

号称包治百病的医生,要么是庸医,要么是骗子。事实上,每个人可以根据自己的实际情 况,在不断尝试中摸索出适合自己的方法。

依我这个半路出家的人看来,不管用什么方法学英语语法,进而学英语语言,一是要 有整体语感,要学会归纳和演绎,由此及彼;三是要借助对母语的了解,琢磨汉语和英语 的异同之处,转而进行两种语言之间的由此及彼。比如:学了 wish 的宾语可以用不定式, 可以推理出名词 wish 的定语、表语也有可能是不定式。是还是不是?一查词典便知。汉 语的“讨论”一词用动词短语作宾语,中间一般要加个 wh-词,如能说“讨论如何学习英 语”,不能说“讨论学习英语”。

英语里的 discuss 用不定式作宾语是否也是如此呢?英语中类似的词是否是同样情 况呢?花点时间就解决问题。

对语言的分析能力, 实际上以对语言的整体语感为基础的, 更是以对语言完整的整体 语感为目的的。说到底,语言不就是规律和例外的组合吗?!两三年积累下来,你就是语 法高手。

第一篇:初中一年级英语

初中一年级英语测试题 笔试部分(80 分) 一 单项选择 (15 分) ( )1.The supermarket is ______Fifth Avenue . A. in ( B. at C. on ) 2. What does he want _______? A. do B. to be C. be ( ) 3. Lucy wants _____her grandma on October 10th. A. see B. seeing C. to see ( ) 4. Where ____Paul and Steve _____from ? A. do , comes B. does, come C. do , come ( ) 5. ________cleaning the blackboard ? A. Who’s B. Who are C. Lucy . Who ( A. ( ) 6. How’s it going? ___________ . That’s all right . B. No, it isn’t . ) 7. Look! He_________ over there . A. plays basketball B. is playing basketball C. is playing C. Great ! the basketball ( )8. I like dogs because they are_______ friendly . A. a kind of ( B. kinds of C. kind of )9. At night the koala bear gets up and _________ . A. eats leaf B. eat leaf C. eats leaves ( )10.The panda likes ________with her friends A. playing B. play C. to playing ( )11.Can you _____me the way _____ the bank? A. say , to B. tell , to C. speak ,of ( )12.Tom_____at a TV station. His job is _______ . A. work, exciting B. works, an exciting C. works ,exciting ( )13.The pay phone is ______ the library . A. between B. crossing C. across from ( )14. It’s time _____ lunch . B. to have C. having A. have ( )15.He wants to send a letter ,he can go to the _______. B. POST OFFICE C. PARK A. SHOP 二.日常交谈。请从 B 栏中找出与 A 栏各句相应的答语 。

(5分) ( ( ( ( ( )1.How’s the weather ? )2.Why do you like penguins ? )3.What do they do ? )4.Is it a boring job ? )5.Excuse me. Is there a post A. Yes.Just go straight and turn right. B.Yes ,it is . C. It’s sunny . D. Because they are cute . E. They are waiters . office near here ? 三.阅读理解 (20分) A. 请根据短文内容判断下列各句正(T)误(F) Birds can fly in the air .Fishes can swim in water .Tigers live on land. They are different but they are all animals .People like many interesting and beautiful animals but also dislike many of them .The Mickey Mouse (米老鼠)appears(出现)on a lot of toys and clothes for children .It is children’s favorite all over the world .But a real mouse isn’t cute . No one likes it . ( ( ( ( ( )1. Tigers can’t fly . )2. People like all animals . )3. The Mickey Mouse is a real animal in the zoo . )4. Children like Mickey Mouse very much . )5. A real mouse is also cute . B. 请阅读山西省某月三天内的天气状况,然后完成表格 中会经历的天气状况用√标出。

Here’s the weather report . On Monday it rains and it’s windy all day .You can feel a little bit cold because it is windy . And it is humid . On Tuesday morning it is cloudy . But it is sunny in the afternoon . On Wednesday it is windy and it snows . It is cold all day . Monday Tuesday Wednesday (6) sunny (7) rain 。分别把当天 (8) cloudy (9) snow (10) windy 四.选词填空。请从方框内选择适当的词语完成这封信。

(10分) Writing, talking, sitting , playing, swimming , flying, sunny, studying, drawing, having Dear Bob,My name is Rich .I’m fourteen years old .I’m(1)__________ in a middle school .My school is nice and clean. There are 30 students in my class .It’s(2) _______ today . My classmates and I are(3) ________ a good time on the beach .It’s a nice place .The water is blue and clear . Many birds are(4) ________ over the sea .Many people are (5)_________ . Some boys are(6) _________ football . Some people are (7)________ on the beach . A girl is(8) _________ pictures on a chair .Another girl is (9)________ photos .I’ m (10)_________to you ! What are you doing ? I hope you can write to me soon . Best wishes! Rich 五.补全对话。请根据所给的信息完成下列对话。

(10分) Name: Mary Dale Birthday : November 19th Nationality :American Living place :California or Montana Favorite pets :dogs and horses Favorite colors :silver(银色)and blue A journalist(记者) is asking Marry Dale ,an 1________ actress(女演员), some questions . J=journalist M=Marry Dale J: May I know your 2____________? M: Sure .My birthday is 3________ J: Where are you 5__________ now . M: I am living in California now but sometimes I 6________ in Montana . J: What kind of 7_________ is your favorite ? M: Dogs and 8_________ . J: I see you wear sliver and blue dresses a lot . M: Oh, yes .Sliver and 9_______ are my favorite(10) ______. 六.词汇。

(10分) A:根据句意用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。

1.We are ________(take) photos now . 2.How about _________(go) to the Great Wall . 3.Army _______(like ) talking to people. 4.I can ________(speak)English and French . 5.Bridge Street is a good place _________( have) fun . 4 __________ . B.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词 。

6.This is the b__________ of the garden tour . 7.I’m s____________ they can play in the heat . 8.Let’s see the pandas f_________. 9.L_________ are from South Africa . 10. He’s a policeman .It’s a d _____________ job . 七.写作 (10分) 动物园里来了一个新朋友,这是动物园告示牌上对它的介绍:

Name : Bill Age : 5 Country:Australia Food : leaves Like : sleep during the day 你猜出它是谁了吗 述.至少五句话以上 ? 请根据告示牌的提示对它进行简单的描 参考答案 一.C B C A A 二.C D E B A 三.A :T F F T F B:

C BCC A B CC B B Monday Tuesday Wednesday 6sunny 7rain √ 8cloudy 9snow 10windy √ √ √ √ √ 四.1.studying 2.sunny 3.having 4.flying 5.swimming 6.playing 7.sitting 8.drawing 9 .taking 10 .writing 五.1. American 2 .birthday 3. November 4. 19th 5. living 6 . live 7. animal 8 . horses . 9. blue 10 .colors 六.A: 1. taking 2 .going 3.likes 4.speak 5. to have B: 6. beginning 7.surprised 8. first 9 .Lions 10. dangerous 七.It is Koala Bill .It’s five years old and from Australia . It likes eating leaves at night but sleeping during the day . I think it is very cute .

初中一年级英语》出自:范文大全网
链接地址:http://fanwen.bdfqy.com/show/D0Js8YeCNNPrphG5.html

网站地图 | 关于我们 | 联系我们 | 广告服务 | 免责声明 | 在线留言 | 友情链接 | RSS 订阅 | 热门搜索
版权所有 范文大全网 fanwen.bdfqy.com

初中一年级英语